Red wine: benefits and harm, composition and calorie content. Information for lovers of dry red wine about its benefits and harm: just the facts

The use and harm of red wine is the subject of a longstanding dispute between supporters of this drink and the full opponents of alcohol.

Before you rush to extremes, you should learn as much as possible about the facts about wine.

Fortunately in recent years, scientists have paid close attention to the drink and made a number of interesting discoveries

Red wine: composition, calories, types

Red wine is a unique product. Thanks to this drink, medieval Europe survived during the plague and typhoid fever. In a glass of merlot or pinot noir, causative agents of intestinal infections, typhus, cholera die in a matter of minutes. Natural red wine can prevent purulent infections, heal inflamed mucous membranes and skin.

However, this benefit of red wine for health is not limited, in large part due to the composition of the drink. Red wines contain:

• vitamins (B, C, PP, etc.);

• microelements (calcium, iron, magnesium, selenium, potassium, iodine);

• organic acids;

• fructose;

• alcohol;

• flavonoids;

• antioxidants;

• polyphenols;

• pectin;

• Tannin;

• tannins;

• essential oils;

• 19 amino acids (for health they need 20 tons);

• melatonin (sleep hormone);

• Resveratol.

The last substance (resveratol) was discovered very recently. It is thanks to this phenolic compound that the scales in the issue of red wine, its benefits and harm are most often inclined toward good. It is no accident that the inhabitants of the traditional wine-making countries are distinguished by enviable health, sanity and longevity.

Especially much in a glass of red wine of vitamin R and S. The first has a beneficial effect on the vessels, the second has the strongest antioxidant properties. The rich amino acid composition of the beverage is important because the human body is not capable of producing amino acids on its own.

Good natural red wine has a low, but essential in the sense of a permissible dose of energy value. In dry red wine caloricity fluctuates from 65 to 70 kcal, in semisweet it is about 85-90 kcal, in sweet it reaches up to a hundred kilocalories. Caloric content of red wine, therefore, is quite sufficient to provide the body with energies for almost the whole day.

Main varieties of red wine – this is Bordeaux, Cabernet, Merlot, Beaujolais, Pinot Noir, Carmenere, Chianti, Saperavi, Mukuzani. They can be dry, semi-dry, semisweet. It is believed that dry wine benefits for the body brings great, since it contains only 0.3 percent of sugar. In semi-dry wines sugar from 0.5 to 3 percent, in semisweet – up to 8 percent.

Red dry wine: what is good for the body?

Red wine benefits for health brings a lot, but only if it is natural. Drinking a cheap drink from the supermarket, be sure: there can be no question of any benefit. After all, a glass of water diluted in water splashes with dyes.

Useful properties of dry wine of red variety are numerous. Scientists have proved that the drink has a beneficial effect on the whole organism:

• reduces the risk of heart attacks and strokes by improving blood circulation, strengthening the walls of blood vessels, reducing cholesterol;

• reduces arterial pressure due to vasodilation;

• has antibacterial, antiseptic, antiviral and anti-inflammatory properties;

• Prevents some types of cancer;

• increases hemoglobin;

• promotes the elimination of toxins;

• Strengthens tooth enamel, improves gum health, prevents caries development;

• increases the body’s immune defenses;

• Beneficial effect on the gastrointestinal tract.

However, dry wine will benefit the body if drink it with food, and not on an empty stomach and without a portion of good food. It is especially good to drink wine with fatty foods: it will be better absorbed.

Arguing about the benefits and harm of red wine, one must keep in mind the following. 50 ml of sweet or semisweet red wine will relieve insomnia (melatonin normalizes sleep). A glass of dry will relieve tension, will prevent colds due to polyphenols and essential oils.

With regular use, resveratol, contained in red wine, will protect against repeated infarction, will prevent the tumor process, reduce blood sugar. Dry wine, whose benefit and harm to the body is tirelessly researched by scientists, is powerful natural antioxidant, so it not only protects against cancer, preventing DNA mutation, but also has excellent anti-aging properties, prolongs life expectancy, improves memory, increases vision.

There are recommendations of physicians who really help to cope with various ailments. Useful properties of dry wine for medical purposes can be used as follows:

• intestinal disturbance – 50 ml of chilled beverage once;

• bronchitis, cold – a mixture of warm wine, honey, nutmeg, cinnamon, black pepper, 50 ml three times a day;

• bruises, bruises, sprains – wine compresses;

• Anemia, vitamin deficiency – a glass daily along with food for a week.

Moderate use of red wine with health benefits is a reduction in the risk of developing cataracts. Moderate – this is how much? According to scientists, it comes from 2-3 glasses a day and at least two glasses a month. Useful properties of dry wine are not limited to this. Red wine protects the brain from damage after a stroke, increases the elasticity of blood vessels, prevents the formation of blood clots and cholesterol plaques.

Red wine, the benefit and harm of which is discussed by scientists around the world, is in fact a valuable drink. The main thing is to observe moderation and not exceed the therapeutic dose.

Red wine: what is the harm to health?

What’s the catch? The suspicious reader will ask. Well, it can not be that red semisweet or dry wine, the benefit and harm of which has not yet been unequivocally proven, was almost a panacea for physical illnesses and dementia! Indeed, it can not. That’s why you should know that red sweet and dry wine, along with useful properties, are unprofitable, and sometimes even harmful.

The main problem is alcohol (and this is the balm on the heart of the opponents of alcohol in all its manifestations). It is pointless to say that a chronic alcoholic who pours in himself two or three bottles a day even of super-useful red dry or semisweet is a bright, healthy, happy person. Addiction to wine in excessive quantities is a disaster, and it should be seriously treated. For the development of cirrhosis, it is enough to drink two or three glasses a day. Those who drink a lot of drink at a time can expect an early sudden death.

The amount drunk – this is the landmark for wine lovers. Scientists never came to a common opinion, what is the permissible daily dose. Some studies call 50 ml, others – 300 ml. There is an average rate: women can drink half a glass of wine per day, men up to three glasses. Ethanol in large quantities is a poison, a toxin that poisons the body and can be addictive.

As for the harm of red wine for the body, you should remember this. Alcohol is contraindicated in people with a number of chronic diseases, for example, in the presence of ischemic disease or pancreatitis. In this case, dry wine will not bring benefits, but harm, and the damage to health will be caused by a huge.

Categorically prohibited alcohol in the presence of the following diseases:

• cirrhosis of the liver;

• hypertension;

• Osteoporosis;

• stomach cancer.

It is necessary to refuse wine or use it very cautiously in stomach ulcers, liver lesions, diagnosed ischemia, elevated triglycerides, and depressive states. On the other hand, therapeutic doses of quality red wine with health benefits are directly related. So, taking one glass improves the patient’s condition with peptic ulcer.

For pregnant and lactating mothers: harm of dry wine

The use of dry wine for the body of a pregnant woman is not proven. Traditionally it is believed that during the gestation of the fetus in general you can not drink anything alcoholic. Abuse can end with the birth of a child with severe pathology.

However, the discovery of resveratrol contained in red wine allowed scientists to conclude that there is some positive effect of the drink on the course of pregnancy. Although before the discovery of this substance, obstetrician-gynecologists even recommended drinking some red wine only in the fourth and fifth months of pregnancy. A few decades ago this method was used to prevent premature birth by removing the tone of the uterus.

But for a fetus resveratrol can be dangerous. The scientists found out that it accumulates in the mother’s body, causing abnormalities of the pancreas during intrauterine development. Of course, one glass will not do harm. But if it becomes daily, it is already a serious danger. Anyway, for the first four months of pregnancy about alcohol should be forgotten.

Breastfeeding mother should not drink alcohol in the first two months of breastfeeding. The baby’s immune system is only being formed, and even a glass of red wine drunk by her mother can weaken her. In the future on holidays you can afford this glass without any problems, but you can feed not earlier than an hour after drinking the drink.

Red wine: harm or benefit for slimming?

Ladies on a diet at times give up alcohol categorically. This is understandable: wine carries a sufficient number of empty calories. Dry red wine is calorically lower than sweet, but insignificant. The caloric content of red wine depends largely on the sugar content, which is rather high in sweet and fortified wines.

That’s why if you want to lose weight, you should sharply limit alcohol, although It is not necessary to completely remove it from the diet. Moreover, dry wine is beneficial for the body of a slimming woman. The fact is that enzymes contained in high-quality alcohol, help fatty foods to be better absorbed. The same resveratrol promotes fat burning.

Look at the Frenchwoman: are there many of them fat ladies? But the French cuisine is very caloric, it has a lot of fatty dishes. And all because before dinner and dinner in France, I usually drank a glass of good red wine. As a result of a slow intake of carbohydrates and protein digestion, the appetite decreases, and Parisians can be satiated with just one salad leaf and a piece of cheese.

To drink or not to drink red wine, the benefit and harm of which is vigorously discussed both in the scientific community and at home, is a purely personal matter. In the end, an adult is able to assess the consequences of his actions and decisions.

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