Pain sensations in the little finger are not so common.
Serious diseases of the musculoskeletal system affecting the foot, more often affect the thumb, but you can not exclude them.
Rarely patients pay attention to pain in the little finger until their intensity is high, so most pathologies are diagnosed at later stages.
To treat diseases of the musculoskeletal system is easier in the initial stages, the more important it is for patients to listen carefully to their own sensations.
How not to miss the terrible diseases and be fully armed?
The little finger hurts on the leg: what are the reasons?
Most of the reasons are very “prosaic”, but it can also be about serious pathological processes. In the vast majority of cases, the problem lies in violations from the musculoskeletal system of the foot. What kind of problems can you talk about if the little finger hurts on your leg:
• Inflammation of the nail roller due to ingrown nail. This problem often affects the thumb, but because of its anatomical features, it can also affect the little fingers. The ingrown nail is capable of provoking an infectious or fungal lesion.
• Corn. It is a traumatic cornification of the skin in places of constant friction or pressure. The little finger is the most frequent localization of calluses. Inconveniently put on a sock, narrow shoes, all this can cause callouses.
• Lesion of the fungus little finger. Fungal lesions are manifested not only by pain, but also by itching, burning with inflammation and reddening of the skin of the finger. In some cases, the nail is deformed.
Three of these problems are up to 50% (according to medical statistics) of all causes of discomfort in the little toes. Other diseases are less common:
• Arthritis. Arthritis is an inflammatory lesion of the joints. It is endogenous in nature: if arthritis is detected, the causes should be sought in the excretory or endocrine systems. In a number of cases, the source of the disease is an immune reaction, then they speak of rheumatoid arthritis. It flows with a sluggish symptomatology at the initial stage. When the intensity of symptoms increases, a mature process is discovered during the diagnosis, the treatment of which is much more complicated.
• Osteoarthritis. Unlike arthritis, osteoarthritis is due to external circumstances. In the elderly, arthrosis becomes a kind of age norm: not always the disease proceeds aggressively. In young people, such a pathology is rare. Basically, these are young women (due to wearing narrow uncomfortable shoes) and faces of both sexes, engaged in heavy physical labor: athletes, builders, loaders, etc.
• Gout. It occurs mainly in men. This is a systemic disease caused by the deposition of urate salts in articular cavities. Mostly, the joints of the thumbs are affected, but the little fingers also do not remain outside the pathological process.
• Inflammation of the anatomical structures of the finger. These are tendenitis (inflammation of the tendons), and bursitis (inflammation of the joint bag). Developed as a result of a prolonged monotonous stress of the foot, with a single intense stress also as a result of supercooling. Pain in inflammatory processes is much more intense, without a clear localization. Unpleasant sensations “poured” on the entire foot and intensified when walking.
• Osteomyelitis. Necrotic lesion of bone tissue. It is rare, but it is extremely difficult: there are symptoms of intoxication of the body, the process is expansive, rapidly covering not only the bone, but also surrounding tissues. With a weak immune system, the cause of this dangerous disease can be a banal cut or the presence of a chronic foci of infection in the body (carious cavities, etc.).
• Neuroma. The growth of the nervous tissue located in the foot. Pain with a neuroma diffuse, spreading to the entire foot. Favorite places of localization of unpleasant sensations are the thumb and little finger. Danger to life does not carry, however, is difficult to bear.
• Injuries. Obviously, any trauma can cause the little finger on the leg to hurt: from bruising to fracture.
• Deformations. With prolonged uncomfortable position of the foot as a result of wearing poor-quality footwear or incorrect placement of the foot, deformations of the little finger are possible.
• Problems with the vessels of the lower limbs. Stenosis of the vessels of the lower extremities leads to a lack of nutrition of underlying structures, including nervous tissue, which reacts sharply to any changes in blood supply. Atherosclerosis occurs in smokers “with experience”, persons with obesity, in patients with hepatitis, cirrhosis, etc.
• Diabetes. As a result of diabetes, a systemic lesion of the foot structures develops – so-called. diabetic foot.
The little finger hurts on the leg: diagnosis
On a symptomatic complex to recognize the disease is almost impossible: many manifestations “echo”, others develop in later stages. Therefore, trying to diagnose yourself is not worth it, this is a hopeless occupation and a waste of precious time. At the first displays of a dyscomfort it is necessary to address to the doctor.
The first who is recommended to visit is the district therapist. Instead of a therapist, you can visit a surgeon. These doctors will conduct a primary examination and help to develop a further “plan” of action. In the future, the diagnosis and treatment should be done by a specialized specialist:
• Orthopedist – if the source of the problem lies in the pathology of the musculoskeletal system.
• Traumatologist – when the trauma of the little finger is received.
• Rheumatologist – together with an orthopedist helps to cope with the root cause of rheumatoid arthritis.
• Nephrologist – if the reason is the lack of work of excretory system (in particular kidneys).
• Endocrinologist – with suspicions of diabetes.
• Phlebologist – specializes in problems with blood vessels.
What research is used to diagnose the cause of pain in the little finger?
• Oral questioning of the patient. Otherwise it is called anamnesis. The doctor asks questions about the patient’s condition, complaints, etc. In this way, a specialist can form a primary picture. From the information received, the specialist “pushes”, as from a springboard, to take further action. Therefore, the main task of the patient is to tell everything in detail. The more information a doctor receives, the easier and more efficient will be his work.
• Inspection. Visual assessment plays almost one of the main roles when it comes to the pathology of the musculoskeletal system. In some cases, it makes it possible at this stage to suspect this or that disease.
• Functional tests. When the little finger hurts on the foot, a series of tests can not be avoided. These tests are aimed at assessing the mobility of joints, nerve conduction and sensitivity, the degree of blood supply, etc. They do not cause discomfort, but they are an important source of information. The patient needs to follow the instructions of the doctor and talk about their feelings.
• Radiography. Assigned as the first means of assessing the condition of bones and joints. In many cases, only one x-ray is enough to make a diagnosis.
• Ultrasound of joints. Appointed less often, with suspicions of pathology, such as arthritis, osteoarthritis.
• MRI / CT. Can be recommended when all other diagnostic methods are exhausted. To date, more informative studies of the anatomical structures of the foot have not yet been invented. Tomography in detail displays bones, tendons, soft tissues, joints.
• Puncture of the joint. It plays an important role in the diagnosis of probable osteomyelitis, since it makes it possible in the laboratory to examine the contents of the joint cavity. The causative agent is almost always Staphylococcus aureus.
• Laboratory research. Urine analysis (with gout increases urate concentration), a blood test (shows any inflammation), a biochemical blood test (to detect high concentrations of calcium or urate salts). When suspected of diabetes, a blood test for sugar and a test for glucose tolerance (so-called CTG or sugar curve) are performed.
It is unlikely that any of the patients may be assigned the entire list of studies listed. As a rule, the problem is not so deep and lies on the surface, it is important to look closely.
The pinky on the leg aches: how and what to treat?
To treat, as well as to survey – a prerogative of the doctor. With your own strength, you can relieve the pain (you can take an analgesic), get rid of the callus (for this you should steal your legs, but never cut off the callus, then exclude the impact on the damaged place) or from the ingrown nail (at the very beginning you just need to cut it off ). All the rest is in the hands of a specialist.
What does modern medicine offer to those who have a pinky on the leg? For treatment, medicines are used, physio- and / or orthopedic treatment is prescribed, in extreme cases – surgical intervention.
Medicamentous treatment is carried out by several groups of drugs:
• Analgesics. For relief of pain syndrome: Analgin, Baralgin and others.
• Anti-inflammatory drugs. Typically, non-steroidal, such as Ketorolac, Nise, Ibuprofen, Nurofen. Promotes the removal of inflammation.
• Steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
• Antifungal agents, antibiotics. Appointed as ointments for topical application. In osteomyelitis, the practice of taking antibiotics in the form of tablets or injections.
• Lidocaine, Novocaine – for pain blockade.
• Urikozuric drugs – for the treatment of gout.
Orthopedic treatment is prescribed for injuries. Despite the intricate name, the essence is simple: an elastic or plaster bandage is applied to immobilize the little finger. Physiotherapy is practiced both as a therapeutic method, and during rehabilitation after the injury. Specific procedures are appointed by the physiotherapist.
Without surgical intervention can not do if the joint is destroyed (in this case, prosthetics is performed) or a serious injury was received. Far from entering osteomyelitis involves amputation of the little finger and surrounding tissues, if they were affected.
Pain in the little finger rarely speaks about serious diseases, but you can not ignore them. It is never possible to know in advance what kind of problem it is. It is more reasonable to appear to a specialist, excessive vigilance is a normal practice.