Strawberries are different from strawberries, not only in size and flavor, but also in agrotechnics.
To obtain a decent crop of strawberries, first of all, it is necessary to prepare good seedlings, and the most powerful rosettes are formed on the mustache in early spring and late summer, at a time when the air temperature is low and the soil has enough moisture.
When is it better to plant strawberries in spring or fall?
In most cases, it is better to plant a young strawberry in August. At this time, truck farmers have a lot of free time, new seedlings have grown well, and the weather is right for rooting and growth of plants.
Therefore, in the middle zone it is better to plant strawberries from July 25 to September 5. In the south, planting strawberries in autumn can last until mid-October.
Soil for planting strawberries in autumn
This crop is not very demanding for soil fertility, it can not bear fruit only in swampy areas. But the strawberries have some features that for beginner gardeners create problems. Suddenly it is attacked by pests, bushes poorly fruiting or it is unknown why the berries began to dry. But experienced gardeners know some of the subtleties of caring for plants that will allow to grow sturdy good harvests without much hassle.
One of the means of trouble is planting strawberries in autumn. This period has several positive points:
1. You can grow a good harvest with little labor;
2. Running strawberry beds and old plantings can be successfully updated in a short time.
3. Plants, frozen in winter, can easily and quickly be repaired in the spring;
4. Strawberries – very fond of moisture, for this culture regular watering is important. When autumn planting new plants, you can reduce the watering period by 2-3 months;
5. When preparing soil for new bushes, it is possible to additionally make humus and peat, until spring they will have time to partially pass into the easily digestible mineral form.
To improve the soil in the garden with strawberries it is useful to plant on it sideral cultures (lupine or mustard). This will significantly reduce the number of pests and weed plants, enrich it with nitrogen and improve the structure of the soil. Adding to each 1 m2, peat or old humus can significantly improve the aeration of the soil.
Strawberry planting dates
The planting of young strawberries is carried out in the early autumn (from August 15 to September 20), in the middle of autumn (September 25 to October 10) and planting in late autumn, which ends one month before the first frosts. In different regions of the country these terms are very different. Orient in this matter is necessary by the period in which the strawberry forms a mustache. Harvest is better for strawberries in the early and mid-autumn planting, late planted plants can be severely damaged by frost.
There are remontant varieties of strawberries that bear fruit twice a year, but in autumn planting of strawberries the second crop can not be left. From the end of August to the end of September, the best period for planting strawberries. In this case, new plantings will take root well before the first frost, and form high-quality fruit buds.
Gardeners often remove excess plants in strawberry beds, during this period and need to buy seedlings, so it’s easier to notice the signs of disease on plants. Excellent seedlings can be obtained even from old or neglected plantings.
It will be fine if the landing site is divided into 4 parts and on one of them sow the sideral crops, and in autumn on this wire plant the strawberries. Yields at one of the sites will increase significantly, while the other three will “rejuvenate.”
You can get planting material from strawberries growing on the site, this requires:
• To obtain seedlings, select plants with good fruit bearing and without signs of disease, dig in the 3 first whiskers leaving them;
• After the rosettes appear on the rosettes, they need to have a growth point;
• Since the strawberries are the most productive the first rosettes formed on the mustache, you will get a healthy and healthy seedlings, if rooted rosettes on second-order whiskers, they can additionally be able to eat from the mother plant and grow much faster.
Well-bred plants have little mustache, but this does not mean that to get seedlings you need to root in a row all the sockets. Observe the rule “Less is better” and you can provide your family with berries.
Separate fully formed plants from the mother’s bush, they are cut immediately before transplanting the seedlings to a permanent place. Planting should be done in the evening or on a cloudy day in pre-watered soil. Plant the plants without covering the soil with the root neck of the bush, after which the young plants need to be watered again abundantly. Planted seedlings need to cover them in hot weather from the sun’s rays, water if necessary and regularly loosen the soil around them. If you want to ensure that in each hole will grow a bush of strawberries, then the seedlings are planted in pairs.
The planting process
There are several technologies:
• Annual or perennial culture;
• Broadband and narrowband landing;
• Growing on trellises;
• Planting in separate bushes (in one line, in two or three rows).
Most often strawberries are grown in bush two-line way on beds of 1.2-1.4 m wide, with paths between them. This technology is popular due to the fact that with this growing it is easier to save strawberries from fungal diseases and there is no thickening of seedlings. So you can compact the beds with plants, for example, garlic that protects the bushes from slugs.
Best of all, this culture grows in a multiline way on narrow beds within a width of 0.9-1.1 m. There should be a distance of 40-50 cm between individual plants in a row, in general, the density of planting is determined taking into account the selected variety.
Care of plantings
Even without planting siderates, you can get a decent harvest when planting strawberries in autumn. Feed the plants need to start in the spring. On 1 m2 of the strawberry patch you need 8 kg of humus, 90 g of phosphorus fertilizers and 50 g of potassium salt. In addition, it is desirable site where the berry will grow after early vegetables, except for cucumber beds, plots after cabbage, peppers and potatoes, after them in the soil remain pests
Strawberries grow well only in wet ground, for this reason it needs regular watering. Another positive quality of planting strawberries in the autumn is that watering plants need 2-3 months less.
Attention! Strawberries grow well with regular watering, but the soil can not be flooded heavily, as this can cause rot and fungal diseases.
To protect the planting from excessive watering it is possible with the help of regular loosening and mulching, in addition it reduces clogging of the site with strawberries. As mulch it is good to use such materials as peat, sloping siderates, straw, dry needles, which will save heat in the winter. After the appearance of the fruit, the mulching materials will help to keep the strawberries clean and healthy.