Some gardeners mistakenly believe that phloxes do not need care and grow like a weed. The plant is really hardy, easily tolerates drought and lack of additional nutrition, but in such conditions it quickly dies. Special care for the plant should be in the fall, when planting phlox.
Features of autumn planting phlox: when to hold?
Experienced gardeners are planting phlox not only in spring, but also in autumn. As a rule, in this period varieties of middle and early flowering are planted. The timing of the work depends on the climatic conditions, but not later than September. At this point, the plant already has buds of renewal. If the weather permits, planting and transplanting the plant can be stretched until the beginning of October, but the end of all work should be no later than the end of the month. Later planting leads to the death of the bush.
After planting, mulching of the soil is carried out, which accelerates the process of rooting phloxes in a new place. It is noted that the best seedlings are those seedlings that have a leaf cover. As the mulch use the pre-mature sawdust, peat.
Autumn planting of phlox has its advantage, which is not present in the spring works. The fact is that during the autumn transplant the plant fully adapts and takes root in a new place, and for the next season the bush starts to bloom. Planting phlox in the spring does not give such results, the seedling needs time for adaptation, and flowering in this season does not begin.
How to choose a planting material
For autumn planting, large lobules are most suitable, which are easier to take root and tolerate the winter well. Also during this period the bushes are planted on a permanent place, which grew during the spring cuttings. Buying a new planting stock, you should pay attention to the following factors:
• A good plot has more than two thick stems;
• Large buds of renewal are noticeable near the roots;
• peel on shoots rather dense, coarsened;
• Ground lump and roots in wet condition.
After selecting the suitable material for planting, shoot phlox cut at an altitude of about 25 cm from the base. The roots of the seedling also need to be shortened by a third. If the seedling is transplanted with an earthen lump, then only its apex is cut off, trying to leave several leaves.
Suitable place for planting phlox in autumn
Plants are undemanding to the content, but lush flowering can be seen only in well-lit areas. In the penumbra, the flowers will be smaller, but the flowering period will stretch. Optimal place for planting phlox is the rarefied shadow. In southern regions, it is advisable to shade plants in the midday heat.
Phloxes grow well on any soil, but it is better to plant the flower in a loose, moderately nutritious and moistened soil. Autumn planting of phlox in the lowland is forbidden, since the ice surface appears on the surface of the soil. This adversely affects the condition of the plant.
Preparation of soil for planting phlox in autumn is carried out in advance, not less than 14 days. The site is well digested, cleaned of weeds. Poor in composition of the land enrich with humus, peat and sand. Under the dig, mineral fertilizers are introduced.
The root system of phlox is powerful, so digging is done with two bayonets of shovels. The bulk of the roots lies at a depth of about 30 cm.
Autumn planting of phlox in the ground, photo
After the preparation of the soil and the seedlings, they start planting. Landing pits are made quite wide and deep. The depth should be such that the upper part of the root coma is below the ground level, not 5 cm. A higher autumn planting results in the wintering of the plant in winter, and too deep slows the development of phloxes.
Immediately before planting, the wells are well watered and drained. A layer of fertile soil, humus and fertilizers is poured over the drainage. Then plant a seedling and sprinkle with earth. In the water for watering plants you can add drugs to accelerate the formation of roots, for example, “Kornevin.”
Advice! In autumn, when planting phlox, do not add nitrogen fertilizers to the wells, they should be left for spring use. The wells are filled only with phosphate and potash complexes.
Preparation of phlox for winter
Phloxes are related to frost-resistant plants, but you should not neglect autumn pruning. Without it, a flower can perish. Why are phloxes pruned?
• Pruning protects the plant against fungal diseases;
• Facilitates mulching and care;
• Lets you get a compact shrub next spring;
• Allows the plant to accumulate enough nutrients in the root system;
• Protects the plant from freezing in a cold winter.
Pruning phloxes is carried out in autumn, after planting or transplanting to a new location. Shrubs that have not undergone transplanting also need pruning. To tighten with it it is not necessary. Pruning should be completed before the onset of frost. As a rule, it is held from September to the end of October.
Pruning is carried out in several ways:
• The aerial part of the plant is cut at a level of 5 cm from the ground surface. This pruning allows you to hold snow and protects the plant from frost.
• The second type of trimming serves to protect the plant from fungal diseases. In this case, all shoots are cut level with the soil.
In addition to pruning, phloxes are fed and mulched. Autumn top dressing of phlox is carried out on frozen soil. Apply mineral complexes, mixed with ash, which prevents the appearance of pests.
Winter mulching is carried out 10 days after planting. For this purpose, peat, compost, fallen leaves and humus are used. This mulch in combination with pruning allows you to grow a healthy bush, which will please the bright flowering in the spring.
Problems in growing phlox
1. Phlox are often affected by powdery mildew. This is due to improper care or an improper place to grow. In the shade, the flower is most vulnerable.
2. The phlox nematode leads to the death of the plant. She does not give in to treatment, the bush is uprooted and cleaned from the site. The signs of the disease are manifested by the pallor and wilting of the tips of the shoots, while the leaves become thinner.
3. Slugs cause great damage to plantings. To get rid of them will help lime and ash, which is sprinkled on the paths and between rows. Timely loosening of the soil also has a detrimental effect on slugs.
Phloxes are perennial unpretentious plants that serve as a flower bed decoration. They have gained popularity among gardeners due to their frost resistance, unpretentious care and brightness of colors. Phloxes are used in modern design, they are well written off in the interior of any garden. When choosing plants, you need to consider the flowering period, the color of the petals and the height of the bush. Correctly picking up phloxes, you can achieve continuous flowering during the season. Having mastered the basic rules for caring for shrubs, planting it will not cause trouble. And the advice of experienced gardeners will help grow a healthy plant that will successfully overwinter even under the most severe conditions.